Research and Studies

ReportAnnounce_squareThe Impact of Online Shopping on Local Business

2015 research by LOCO BC highlighting the increase in consumer shopping done online, how BC businesses are competing online, and what motivates online shoppers. Online shopping will grow to 10% of all Canadian consumer purchases by 2019. Purchasing with local businesses supports a strong local economy, and yet only 1/3 of online sales go to Canadian businesses. And the more shopping consumers do online, the more likely they are to buy from big chains rather than local businesses. Consumers report that they value Canadian ownership and look for local made products online, but most businesses report that they don’t market themselves online. Download the report now. Check out our blog post for some of the highlights.

Buying Local: Tools for Forward Thinking Institutions

2013 companion report to The Power of Purchasing, it outlines the many ways that organizations can benefit themselves, as well as the economies that sustain them, by making minor adjustments to the way that they purchase goods and services. Buying Local: Tools for Forward-Thinking Institutions outlines strategies and paths that policy-makers, sustainability managers, procurement professionals and others involved in institutional purchasing decisions can pursue to realize this potential. Download the report now. Check out our blog post for some of the highlights.


The Power of Purchasing: The Economic Impacts of Local Procurement

2013 study by LOCO BC, the Columbia Institute, and ISIS at the Sauder School of Business evaluates the impact of purchasing from local suppliers. Using B.C. office supply Mills Basics to make the case, the study shows that local purchasing re-circulates 33% of revenues directly to residents and businesses in B.C. compared to 17% and 19% for multinationals. This presents a 77%-100% economic advantage for B.C. from buying local, and an 80%-100% increase in jobs per million dollars spent. Download the report now. Check out our blog post for some of the highlights.


Independent BC: Small Business & The British Columbia Economy

2013 Civic Economics study on Canadian market share of independent and chain business and calculates the economic impacts of locally owned business compared to their major North American chain competitors. Download the report now. Check out our blog post for some of the highlights.



Civic Economics has conducted many studies comparing the circulation of dollars (the “multiplier effect”) when money is spent at local versus chain stores.

Other Resources

The Business Alliance for Local Living Economies (BALLE) is a network of more than 80 local business networks across the US and Canada, representing more than 20,000 entrepreneurs. Find many resource on their website.

The Institute for Self-Reliance works to support environmentally sound and equitable community development. They have done many studies on how big box stores harms small business. Website:

Michael Shuman is author of Going Local, The Small-Mart Revolution, & Local Dollars, Local Sense. He works and writes on everything from community-based asset mapping to local stock exchanges. Website:

The New Economics Foundation is an independent think-and-do tank that inspires and demonstrates real economic well-being, aiming to improve quality of life by promoting innovative solutions that challenge mainstream thinking on economic, environment and social issues. View some of their publications here.